What will be the consequences of the proposed immigration legislation? Germany has developed a “tentative” proposal for a new immigration law in order to address its severe lack of skilled employees. Where do we vary from immigration regulations in other nations, and why?
Germany is preparing to enact new immigration legislation with the goal of bringing in more qualified and trained workers. However, this legislation is based on the “points” system, which is known to be in place in other countries and means “points” Certain while applying for a visa, according to each person’s skills, which gives priority to some people over others at the expense of their points, according to criteria established by law, appears to be in conflict with the goals of the legislation.
According to experts, the new “key points” paper acknowledges that low unemployment rates in Germany, combined with a high proportion of elderly people, have made it difficult for companies to hire qualified workers for some positions, and that increasing job opportunities for other EU citizens has proven to be ineffective in increasing employment opportunities. The country will have little choice but to seek “skilled and qualified personnel from third nations,” which are countries outside the European Union, in order to make up for this shortcoming.
The Ministry of the Interior has prepared a paper that has been approved by the Ministries of Labor and Economy in many of its points. The paper will be presented to the government of Chancellor Angela Merkel on August 29. The paper will indicate that the German Ministry of the Interior, headed by Minister Horst Seehofer, leader of the conservative Christian Social Union (CSU), is adamant that immigration not be integrated into Germany’s social security system.
It is not truly “Point System” when it says “Point System.”
According to the paper submitted by the government, rather than defining the new immigration system as a “point-based system,” as it is the case in the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia among other countries, the new law will accept immigrants based on the level of their education or the amount of money they own, or their mastery of the German language and current job offers and other factors, so that if they meet a certain threshold for entry, they are allowed to enter the country.
The Social Democratic Party (SPD) and other preferred center-left parties in Germany had previously proposed a points system in 2016, and the points in the new document indicate that people will be chosen based on criteria that will make the new law an effective “points system,” as opposed to the current system.
However, according to OECD researcher Thomas Liebig, “the devil is in the details,” and he says, “I have some questions about how these standards will be applied, I am not sure how they will have different criteria without a clear score calculation, so if you want to Swapping different criteria, you need a “points system,” one way or another, and this is the mechanism on which points systems work.
Builders and nurses with specialized training are in short supply in Germany
According to Liebig, the current German immigration law is the most straightforward immigration law in the world, particularly for those with a higher education level. It is simple to “move from Canada to Germany, for example,” and “according to the current law, it is sufficient to have good educational qualifications, and offer only work; you do not even need to speak German,” he continues.
In addition, German law grants a visa to those who have excellent educational qualifications, even if they do not have a job offer, as it grants them a so-called “job search visa,” which allows them to enter the country without actually having a job. However, Germany lacks the facilities for those with “Mid-level qualifications,” such as nurses, caregivers, kindergarten assistants, and craftsmen such as electricians or carpenters, as each job requires a qualified professional rather than a qualified layperson
Previously, the inability to bring such experiences from different countries, or the failure to recognize or value the presence of experience among people coming from certain countries, has created a “obstacle” in the acquisition of qualified workers in some sectors. The new paper presented by the government is a way to bridge this gap, and “the key to success is to create integration in the German job market.”
However, it is not evident from the report what the additional requirements are that must be met. What degree of German language proficiency should a prospective immigrant have is a question of personal preference. When should a German firm make a job offer, and which occupations would be deemed to need intermediate skills, what should be included in the offer?
Visas designed in the Scandinavian fashion
This type of visa has proven effective in Denmark, and it appears that the German government is currently considering implementing it for middle-skilled jobs. However, this step has not yet been implemented in Germany, and its success will depend on whether German employers are willing to take a risk and hire people who have a “job search visa” in the first place.
Liebeg believes that “this will be a major issue,” saying that “many German firms are hesitant to hire employees from other countries. (Are you interested in hiring individuals from other countries?) we inquired of German employers. There was a resounding “no way,” was the response.
“At the moment, it seems that they are presenting a two-fold law: there are those who arrive, seek for a job, and then are recognized if they obtain a job,” the researcher from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said.
Recent changes in immigration legislation in France seek to make it easier to recruit persons with a higher educational background or special abilities, and a key component of this reform is the reduction of administrative burdens. France’s law applies specifically to executives of multinational corporations who earn more than 5,000 euros per month, scientists, the entertainment industry, seasonal workers, and certain regulated occupations, whereas Sweden’s policy is more liberal, with the statement “You can come as a basis for any job.” In terms of geographic isolation, France is entirely closed, whereas Sweden is open and Germany is somewhat in the middle.