Canada

How to Apply for Permanent Residence in Canada in 2022

You ask yourself: Do I want to live in Canada? What is it like to live in Canada? What to do to live here? We will try to answer these and many other frequently asked questions about topics and non-topics in Canadian life in this 2022 guide.

The first thing I want you to know is the following. This country leads, together with Australia and Norway , the Better Life ranking according to an OECD report comparing essential aspects such as housing , income, employment , environment, health, safety or community, among others.

And to finish with data, another relevant figure is the number of immigrants , who are 22.1% of the Canadian population (figures from the latest UN report ), 7 points higher than the United States . That is, 1 in 5 inhabitants are born abroad . This speaks of the strong government support for migration processes to Canada and the good international relationship with Spanish-speaking countries such as Mexico , Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Spain …

How to live in Canada

The first of the questions we want to answer is how to move to Canada. There are many people who decide to go to the country of the maple leaf for a certain or indefinite period in some cases when seeking permanent residence . Studying English , improving the quality of life , finding economic strength or discovering new places are some of the main reasons why one chooses Canada.

To enter legally we find up to 5 types of different ways to get it:

Requirements (what is needed)

In order to enter the country, whether for tourism, work or study, a series of requirements must be met that depend on the type of visa requested. Age, country of origin, professional qualification, work experience, level of English or proof of funds are some of the aspects that the government values. However, this is not required in many cases . Below, you can see in more detail what is needed in each case.

1. Tourist

Most Spanish-speaking countries allow you to enter the North American country as a tourist for a maximum period of 6 months . It can be an excellent option if you want to experience the Canadian way of life first-hand . However, some Latin countries require a visa and others do not. In this case, a distinction is made between the eTA authorization ( Electronic Travel Authorization ) and the Visitor Visa 

2. International Experience Programs (IEC)

More than 30 countries in Europe , Asia, Oceania and America actively participate in IEC (International Experience Canada) programs . In this list are Spain, Chile, Costa Rica and Mexico, but with different prominence since there are 3 categories of international programs available ( Working Holiday , Young Professionals , International Co-Op ).

2.1 Working Holiday Visa

The Working Holiday Visa is the most popular visa among young people between the ages of 18 and 35, as it allows them to enter the country for one year with a work permit . The delivery of this type of visa is random among all applicants until the places are completed. The WHV goes out every year and issues a certain number of visas for each country. For example, Spain annually has about 1,000 visas of this type.

2.2 Young Professionals

Another type of visa for young people between the ages of 18 and 35 within the IEC programs is the Young Professionals . A more complicated visa to obtain than the WHV for some professional profiles but just as or more interesting. The difference is that for the Young Professional you need a job offer before entering the country and you must work for the same employer throughout your stay.

The main advantage is that, as a general rule, the demand for this visa does not exceed its supply. For its part, the disadvantage lies in the difficulty of finding a firm job offer from your country of origin, although there are many tools to achieve your goal.

2.3 International Co-Op

This is the third and last of the ways to enter Canada through the International Experience Programs (IEC) , except if you have French nationality, which has a fourth IEC program. This type of visa is intended for people who are registered at a university and who have found a job offer in their field of study. Basically, they are professional internships in a company with the attraction of acquiring international experience in your professional field.

3. Student Visa

Although it is not framed within the IEC programs, the Student Visa allows you to live an experience of studying and working as long as you meet a series of mandatory requirements. The difference with the previous ones is that in order to obtain this visa , an economic outlay must first be made , that is, the registration fee for the College or University must be paid . It is very important to complete all the requirements to be eligible.

On the other hand, for this process it is highly recommended to contact an immigration agent , a study agency or a facilitator who will advise you when selecting your course. In this way, your experience can be much more positive and the money well spent. Since there are factors such as work permit, school and agency opinions, and pathways to subsequently apply for permanent residency …

To study and to work

One of the most common ways to come for people from countries like Colombia, Mexico, Chile, Spain or Brazil is through the Career Program (Co-op) , some training courses with a work permit that allow you to cover your expenses . monthly while you study a specialization, improve your English in a multicultural environment, and gain an academic degree and international professional experience . If you want to know more about these programs, we recommend the study and work in Canada article .

4. Other work permits

In addition to the IEC and some student visas that include work permits , the Canadian government is constantly working on new ways of collaborating with other nations to grant work permits to foreigners. Intra-Company Transfers or the International Mobility Program are some of the ways to access a work permit

5.Express Entry

Express Entry is the main route to Canada for skilled workers managed by the IRCC . In addition, the value of this application is that it allows you to apply for Permanent Residence . Express Entry translated as Express Entry is a competitive immigration system that classifies applicants by measuring parameters such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience and other factors.

If you have qualified Canadian experience, it can be an excellent option to obtain residency.

6. Foreign workers. LMIA

The last of the legal forms that we are going to analyze to work in Canada is the Temporary Foreign Worker Program , a recommended option when you are already in the country working for a company with the Working Holiday or the Young Professionals. This sponsorship occurs when there is a labor shortage and a local business sponsors you . It entails a series of requirements that in this case fall on the company, such as demonstrating that there is no Canadian citizen capable of performing said function. This is achieved through the LMIA . Although there is another similar International Mobility program that avoids the LMIA

How much does it cost to live in Canada

One of the big concerns when we consider living in Canada and working is about the cost of living . From our point of view, to estimate how much money is needed to live , several key aspects must be taken into account:

  • Initial investment. Flights, medical insurance, cost of visa, cost of enrollment in studies…
  • City and Province. Estimate the cost of living in the chosen city and province.
  • Accommodation. Price of renting a house or room in the desired area.
  • Minimum wage and minimum wage and average salary in our specialty.
  • Other expenses according to our lifestyle.

Accommodation

Hosting is probably the biggest cost that we are going to face once installed. Depending on the city and the area where we live , the cost of rent varies greatly.

For example, if you share an apartment, the price of a room ranges between $500 and $1,500 for the most expensive areas. Another option for living is housing where in many cases the basement or basement is rented separately from the main area and the price can range from $1,000 to $3,000.

One of the most repeated pieces of advice is to stay in an airbnb or a hotel for the first few days to start the search for accommodation from there and thus avoid fraud and be able to physically see the apartment or home. If you are used to sharing an apartment, it is the cheapest option .

Another alternative that exists are the so-called homestays or family houses that allow you to live with a Canadian family .

Wages

Very important to take into account to determine the cost of living is the minimum wage , because it is likely that when we arrive in a new country we will have to work in low-skilled jobs where the minimum wage is charged . This can vary by province up to 4 Canadian dollars in regions such as Alberta or British Columbia with others such as New Brunswick.

Another great recommendation that we want to make is the neuvoo page . Where you can make an estimate of the average salary by province for each profession .

Best cities to live

One of the great doubts that assail us when we undertake this life experience is where to live . What is the best city to live in Canada ? There are several options and being such a vast territory the change from one city to another can be abysmal. From the climate with temperature changes of up to 40 degrees from the coldest to the warmest areas in winter, to provinces where the most widely spoken language may be English or French .

Geographically, the most populated provinces are divided into two blocks. The westernmost block with the regions of British Columbia and Alberta , here the language spoken is English and Vancouver , Calgary , Edmonton and Whistler stand out as places to live. On the other hand, in the eastern part of the country, the most populated regions are Montreal , which is the region with the most French spoken and the most important city is Quebec , and Ontario , which is the most populated region and the best cities are Toronto and the capital. Ottawa .

Climate in Canada

Related to the cities to live in is the climate , one of the most important aspects for many people. Being such a large country, very different climatic conditions can be experienced. Vancouver has nothing to do with Toronto in terms of weather, for example.

However, to try to give you a quick impression, we are going to consider three types of climate in Canada : the Pacific zone with a warmer and more humid climate in winter, the Atlantic zone with very cold and dry winters and very hot summers, and the northern area with extreme sub-zero temperatures.

  • VANCOUVER | Winter : -2/8 °C – Summer 12/26 °C – Rain : 1,600 mm
  • TORONTO | Winter : -12/4 °C – Summer 16/36 °C – Rain : 800 mm
  • MONTREAL | Winter : -18/-2 °C – Summer 18/38 °C – Rain : 1,000 mm
  • WHISTLER | Winter : -10/4 °C – Summer 12/26 °C – Rain : 1,400 mm
  • CALGARY | Winter : -12/3 °C – Summer 16/36 °C – Rain : 400 mm
  • YUKON | Winter : -40/-20 °C – Summer 8/20 °C

study in canada

Education is one of the cornerstones of this country. Thanks to a decentralized educational system , Canadian educational institutions attract more than 300,000 students from different parts of the planet each year: Japan, the Philippines, China, Russia, Brazil, Iran… with the great attraction of facilitating the residency and citizenship process for those students whose desire is to settle in this place.

The training offer varies from a career at the university , English courses at schools, technical courses with internships in companies at a College and summer camps to learn English or French in the youngest. Also noteworthy are the Career Programs (Co-Op) that allow you to study and work so that you can recover the initial investment.

Depending on your interest, there are agencies and other organizations, and even from this page we can advise you in the process of deciding which is the best option according to your needs to carry out an international educational experience .

work in canada

Your options for gaining employment in Canada will depend on many factors. Reinvent yourself? Unskilled jobs? Take advantage of your expertise in your professional field? Everything will depend on various aspects such as language proficiency , if it is a job that requires a Canadian degree, if the country needs qualified labor or your current situation in the country, since there are certain jobs that among the requirements point to Permanent Residence .

However, job opportunities are many and varied, but that does not mean that you do not have to make a significant effort to achieve your goals.

“The only place success comes before work is in the dictionary.” Vidal Sassoon.

Better prepared immigrants are more likely to find a job in their field and earn more income . However, other less-skilled jobs can be a good starting point for gaining Canadian experience that is highly valued by employers. At the same time, having a Canadian degree is of great value to companies as well as having done volunteer work .

On the other hand, if you are wondering how to find a job in Canada , the answer can be very ambiguous. Employment portals , social networks such as LinkedIn or Facebook groups, personalized emails to companies, hand-delivering resumes…

Advantages of living in Canada

Among the advantages that we find of residing in this nation is economic stability and low unemployment rates . In addition, social assistance and a fair minimum wage contribute to the fact that extreme poverty is practically non-existent in this place.

On the other hand, the feeling of general well-being is reflected in the citizen security index , a healthy environment , employment opportunities , an accessible health system or quality education are other notable advantages.

Disadvantages

By pointing out some disadvantages that in many cases are not, we can consider the cold and rain in winter, especially for those who come from warm countries. The language if you cannot communicate in English can be a social barrier at the beginning.

20 best options to work in Canada 2022

The rise of the internet and social networks have made it possible to publicize the benefits that this country has to offer all immigrants, especially for us Latin Americans.

Specifically speaking of job opportunities in this North American country, there is plenty of information available on forums, pages and networks where many migrants share their different and very varied work experiences.

However, this valid and admirable desire to share these experiences with people who are preparing their trip or who are still deciding which country to emigrate to can lead to moments of confusion, intimidation and misinformation that can negatively affect those migration processes that are yet to occur.

Many of these testimonies try to generalize the experiences and try to show unique and individual cases such as homogeneous work and professional patterns, which can lead to fears about what to do and how to look for a job in the country where we want to go.

Another very important issue to keep in mind is that the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted many aspects of Canadian society, and among those aspects, job search and stability have also undergone many changes.

That is why it is essential to have clear and confirmed information about the job options you will have once you arrive in Canada. 

In this text we will see the best job options in this country, and we will also give you some very useful advice that will be of great use to you once you enter the work gear of the North American country.

What are the best jobs for Canada?

Options to work in Canada: Medical 

Among the many changes that the Covid-19 pandemic has brought about worldwide, one has permeated almost all societies: the understanding of the importance of medical personnel within societies.

Canada has not been the exception, and there are many professions that, although previously thought to be old-fashioned, poorly paid or not very relevant, now take that first place in the list of the most important professions or trades today.

Such is the case with doctors. In a country where the health service is free for all permanent residents and citizens (in reality, knowing that the health service is paid for with the taxes of all the beneficiaries, it is not “free”), being a doctor at the moment it means having a secure position once you graduate from medical school.

On average, a doctor in Canada earns between CAD$96,000 and CAD $350,000 annually , obviously depending on specialty, experience and place of work. The Canadian provinces that pay a doctor the best are British Columbia, Ontario and Alberta.

Options to work in Canada: Veterinarian

In Latin America, if you decide to study veterinary medicine, it is often said that there are not many job opportunities in large companies or institutions, or that you must open your own veterinary center to be successful in your professional career.

However, in Canada the environment for veterinarians could not be more different, and all for the better. Now, being a veterinarian is not simply the job with which you stay on top of the health of urban household pets, understand as dogs and cats.

This is essential to understand since, in Canada, most of the success that a veterinarian can have in his work is based on the agricultural field. In such a vast country with a very active rural life, despite the harsh winters, there are ample job opportunities in the countryside.

In Canada, a veterinarian earns an average salary of $94,662 Canadian dollars annually , a high salary if you have a specialization or certificate. 

Options to work in Canada: Agronomist

Related to what we have just mentioned, in a country like Canada where there are so many job opportunities in the local sector, it is not surprising that the work of the agronomist is respected, recognized and well paid.

An agronomist, in case you don’t know, is in charge of managing all the agricultural processes, to guarantee that the land is being well exploited. In some institutions or companies, the agronomist verifies that the products and supplies are purchased in accordance with national standards.

In Canada, an agronomist can expect to earn an average salary of $60,510 Canadian dollars annually . The provinces that hire the most agronomists are Saskatchewan and Alberta.

Options to work in Canada: Web Developer

In these moments of human history, it is nothing new to affirm that all professions that have to do with computing, internet, networks and online design are not only very well paid but also open the possibility of obtaining a job quickly given great job offer.

In Canada, a Web Developer is a professional highly sought after and featured in work environments. Cities like Montreal and Toronto are temples of web design, web design, and game creation, so any developer will have no trouble getting a job there.

In Canada, a Web Developer can expect to earn an average salary of $71,500 Canadian dollars annually, in an entry-level position in a company. Obviously this will increase if you manage to be managed or if you create your own businesses. The provinces that hire the most web developers are Manitoba, Quebec and British Columbia.

Options to work in Canada: Architect 

For about 10 years, most provinces in Canada have experienced a boom in the construction business and urbanization of most cities. The massive arrival of migrants, population growth, and the contemporary preference for vertical housing have promoted this increase.

This boom, evidently, has required a very high demand from all construction professionals, and among this varied group, architects have enjoyed special preference.  

The new Canadian architecture seeks to give a different look to the design and elaboration of the buildings of the country’s cities. Because the traditional architectural styles of Canada were directed by native professionals of the country, the current context where thousands of migrants enter the cities also requires that its architecture be modernized. 

In Canada, an architect can earn an average salary of $86,743 Canadian dollars annually, depending a lot on the real estate or construction project where you work.

Options to work in Canada: Accountant

In recent years, financial transactions in Canada have increased dramatically. In the country’s financial centers like Toronto and Vancouver, the exchanges in those cities have received investment from companies from around the world.

This favorable context has raised a constant demand for all professionals who relate their work to finance and business. 

Now, in a country where the tax system is so strict and pervasive (Canadians constantly complain about the amount of money they have to pay in taxes) a specific profession has a special position when it comes to job preference: accountants.

This North American country needs the talent of professionals who can manage business transactions through current billing software and platforms, as well as prepare the annual tax return for all citizens, permanent and temporary residents and refugees in the country. 

In Canada, an accountant can expect to earn an average salary of C$60,000 annually, in an entry-level position with a company. Keep in mind that it is very common in the country to see an accountant starting his own business, from which he usually receives more money than if he worked for a company.

Options to work in Canada: Plumber 

Perhaps you already know that in Canada there are a series of trades or manual jobs that are very well paid and highly requested. Well, this turns out to be quite true in all the provinces of the country.

It is often said in Canada that these trades are for immigrants, since native Canadians supposedly do not want to do this type of manual work. This is not entirely true, and you will see that there are many Canadians who are dedicated to these trades and have no problem accepting it. Also, the pay is very good!

One of these trades is that of a plumber, one who knows all the aqueduct and sewage connections of a house. This trade is highly required in Canada, all the time and in all provinces, since in some cities the water management system is deficient in old houses, and it is there where the plumber makes his magic.

In Canada, a plumber can expect to earn an average salary of $31 Canadian dollars per hour, and this will also depend on the job. On many occasions, the plumber charges a basic fixed rate of around $80 Canadian dollars and, once he begins his work, the time for hourly payment begins to run.

Options to work in Canada: Nutritionist 

Although, fortunately, the obesity rate in adults in Canada is low compared to that of its neighboring United States, it is also true that many Canadians have unhealthy food as a diet such as fast food, red meat, carbohydrates and fried foods.

This makes the work of a nutritionist essential. It should also be noted that the majority of those who died due to the SARS-COV 2 virus met their fatal fate due, among other things, to their obesity, poor diet and lack of nutrients necessary to defend the human body against this type of germ.

In Canada, a nutritionist can expect to earn an average salary of $30 Canadian dollars per hour,   depending very much on the medical institution for which they work. 

Keep in mind that it is very common in the country to see a nutritionist working for gyms, sports centers, step homes and public entities. 

The province that hires the most nutritionists is Ontario. 

Options to work in Canada: Chemical Engineer

Canada is one of the countries with the most technological development in terms of the production and marketing of inorganic chemical products such as caustic soda, nitric acid, phosphoric acid, titanium dioxide and hydrogen peroxide.

All these products are used throughout the world for the manufacture of other substances, the cleaning and operation of large surfaces and the development of new technologies.

The job as a chemical engineer is listed  under Canada’s Federal Skilled Worker Program , so it’s highly likely that if you’re a qualified and experienced chemical engineer, you’ll find a quick path to permanent residence through Express Entry .

A chemical engineer in Canada can earn an average salary of $71,000 Canadian dollars per year in the entry position and if you work in an official company or institution, even more money. 

In provinces like Calgary (famous for its oil and manufacturing companies), the starting salary of a chemical engineer can be around $140,300 Canadian dollars once you have established yourself.

Options to work in Canada: Gardener

Canada is a country that seems to live totally different realities in the two opposite seasons of the year: winter and summer. In the winter months, hues, scents, and people are often dull, calm, and morose. On the other hand, in the summer, a whole set of vivid, happy and active tones seems to awaken.

Because of this, Canadians tend to do a lot of activities outside their homes once the snow starts to melt. For most of the country’s inhabitants, having a garden full of flowers and reverberating an enviable greenery is a common desire.

That is why the job of gardener is highly sought after in these 6 or 7 months of pleasant weather. Although many Canadians tend to have a basic knowledge of gardening, many others, especially the wealthier ones, tend to spend large sums of money planning, building, and caring for their garden. 

If you have knowledge in gardening, Canada will be a great option for you. You will have the opportunity to meet many people, in addition to helping to make the summer beauty of the streets and houses of Canadian cities perennial.

On average, a gardener in Canada can expect to earn an average salary of $19 Canadian dollars per hour, depending on the job and the location. The Canadian provinces that pay a gardener the best are British Columbia and Ontario.

Options to work in Canada: Automotive Mechanic

Canada has hundreds of thousands of kilometers of avenues, highways, streets, bridges and tunnels both in rural areas and in all cities. Although not as extensive as the network of its US neighbor, Canada boasts of having 98% of its roads in optimal condition for vehicular traffic.

Similarly, Canada ranks 12th in the world for vehicle production, with a total of 1,376,623 in 2020 .

This is more than fertile ground for you, if you are an auto mechanic. Canada offers thousands of jobs for this profession, and the pay is generally very competitive.

Requirements you must meet to apply for a job as an auto mechanic in Canada

  1. Have a minimum of 3 years or more of experience in the area to apply.
  2. You must have completed a 4-year mechanical training program
  3. Have a good command of English or French.
  4. You must declare that you do not consume narcotic or psychotropic drugs.
  5. You must not have a police record in the last 5 years (excluding speeding tickets).

An auto mechanic in Canada can expect to earn an average salary of $27 Canadian dollars per hour with the highest paying provinces being Saskatchewan and Ontario.

Options to work in Canada: Driver or truck driver

As we have just informed you, Canada has a solid automotive industry and an excellent line of roads that connect the 4,000 kilometers that lead from the Atlantic coast to the Pacific coast. 

Obviously, since many of the products that are consumed within the country are imported and transported via ships, the country’s ports play a fundamental role, as well as the vehicles that transport these products from the port to the stores where all Canadians they access them.

To make this gear possible, Canada offers many opportunities for transport truck drivers or drivers. Whether you are in charge of operating and driving trucks to transport goods and materials on short urban and intercity routes, or whether you have to travel hundreds of kilometers from one province to another, the vacancies are many and there is not much demand.

In addition to these trucks, there is also the opportunity to drive heavy vehicles such as cranes, dump trucks, hydrovac trucks or cement mixers. In addition to this, drivers/chauffeurs are required to perform pre-trip inspections and monitor all aspects of the vehicle, such as the condition of the equipment and the loading and unloading of cargo.

A driver or truck driver in Canada can expect to earn an average salary of $24 Canadian dollars per hour. This is of great interest since a mechanic will have to work more than 8 hours a day when traveling long destinations, and the rest hours on the road are also paid The highest paying provinces are Alberta and Ontario.

Things to keep in mind when you get your job in Canada

The first thing to note in all of Canada’s job assemblage is that, both in the posts and in these interviews, the salary offered by companies is a pre-tax salary. 

This is of paramount importance since in our countries the salaries offered to us at the time we are applying are net salaries. It is very important to take this aspect into account before applying. You do not want to be surprised when, once you pass all the tests and are hired, you receive your first salary and it is much lower than what you had calculated. 

Another very important aspect is the payment method. As you saw in the previous list, there are two ways to describe the salaries that apply to each offer, depending on whether they are trades or professions.

Work in Canada useful tips

Punctuality is rule number one. Given the efficient means of transportation in most Canadian cities, your bosses will expect you to never or rarely be late or take longer breaks than allowed.

Canadians very well separate work spaces from personal ones. But it will always be possible to establish spaces to share diverse experiences.

Finally, if you manage to feel frustrated because you have not obtained the job you dreamed of, remember that the main thing is that you build a building of work experience. 

Canadian employers highly value the work experience you have in the country, no matter what it is, since this speaks well of your adaptability to the work requirements and methodologies that they handle.

If you want to travel to Canada and work in that wonderful country, we can help you, and the best… We do it for free! We will solve all your doubts and we will guide you throughout the process so that you feel comfortable and safe before taking the big step.

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